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Food & Health

August 19, 2013

Chronic vs. acute gout

DEAR DR. ROACH: Since January, I have had gout in my right big toe five times. I have been treated by an internist, and was given methylprednisolone (4-mg dose packs) five times. The medicine works only to the point of getting rid of the worst of it, but it comes right back — sometimes one or two days after taking the last pill. I adhere to the diet provided, take allopurinol daily to help prevent it, do not drink any alcoholic beverages, take tramadol for pain and just started meloxicam, which so far masks the pain some but has done nothing for the swelling and soreness. The worst part is that the joint at the top of my big toe is about the size of a quarter and will not heal completely, rubs and continues to be tender even after taking the methylprednisolone.

I cannot exercise much with the foot pain, and the continued return of the gout is causing a bump like a bunion on my toe. I am 78 and in otherwise good health, but I’m frustrated with the constant return of the gout. If I were to go to a specialist, what type of specialist would you recommend? — M.T.

ANSWER: Gout is caused by the deposition of a crystal — uric acid — in the body, especially in joints such as the big toe. Gout also can cause kidney stones and tophi, which are solid collections of uric acid (actually, monosodium urate) in the soft tissues. Only humans and Dalmatian dogs get gout.

The treatment for chronic gout is different from the treatment for acute gout. Allopurinol, which lowers uric acid in the blood, actually can cause an acute attack when it is first started. Anti-inflammatories like the meloxicam you are taking are a good treatment for acute gout. So is methylprednisolone, a steroid like prednisone. However, these are not ideal for long-term use due to toxicity.

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